Synthesis of potassium tetracyanonickelate

Preparation of potassium tetracyanonickelate(II) monohydrate

Preparation of potassium tetracyanonickelate(II) monohydrate

Preparation of potassium tetracyanonickelate(II) monohydrate

Six one-hundredths of a mole of any soluble nickel salt (16g of the sulfate, 14.5g chloride, or 17.5g nitrate —all 6-hydrate) is dissolved in 100ml of boiling water and a solution of 7g of pure potassium cyanide in 100ml water is slowly added dropwise with stirring. The liquid and its gray-green precipitate of hydrated nickel cyanide are digested for one hour on the steam bath (optional) to render the solid more easily filterable. The precipitate is collected on a Buchner funnel, washed with three 20ml portions of hot water, and pressed down well. The moist cake of residue and paper is transferred to a small dish and the filter paper is peeled clean from the solid, which is then re-moistened with about 10ml of water. On addition of a solution of 7g more of potassium cyanide in 15ml of water, the nickel cyanide dissolves with the formation of an orange-red solution. The clear liquid is evaporated to crystallization on the steam bath, cooled in ice, suction-filtered, and dried in air. Yield 12-13g.

Inorganic laboratory preparations, by G. G. Schlessinger, 95, 1962

IUPAC Name

dipotassium;nickel(2+);tetracyanide;hydrate

InChI

InChI=1S/4CN.2K.Ni.H2O/c4*1-2;;;;/h;;;;;;;1H2/q4*-1;2*+1;+2;

InChI Key

VQZJEIWYJQFLFX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Canonical SMILES

[C-]#N.[C-]#N.[C-]#N.[C-]#N.O.[K+].[K+].[Ni+2]

Depositor-Supplied Synonyms

Potassium tetracyanonickelate(II) hydrate, 339527-86-5, C4N4Ni.2K.H2O, 415154_ALDRICH, 7280AF, POTASSIUMTETRACYANONICKELATE HYDRATE

Removed Synonyms

dipotassium nickel(2+) tetracyanide, 14323-41-2

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