Synthesis of iron (III) nitrate

Preparation of iron (III) nitrate

Iron (III) nitrate is prepared by reacting iron with concentrated nitric acid:

Preparation of iron (III) nitrate from iron and concentrated nitric acid

Preparation of iron (III) nitrate from iron and concentrated nitric acid

If diluted nitric acid is used the reaction goes by following equation:

Preparation of iron (III) nitrate from iron and diluted nitric acid

Preparation of iron (III) nitrate from iron and diluted nitric acid

To a mixture of 100 ml of concentrated nitric acid and 30 ml of water, 50 g of iron filings or fine turnings in small portions are added. The rate of reaction can be regulated by the rate of addition of iron and by gently heating the mixture but not above 70° C. When the iron has practically all dissolved, the solution is filtered and set it aside to crystallize. The filtrate is usually dark in color owing to the presence of colloidal basic nitrates. These salts are gradually converted into the normal nitrate, and the color becomes very much lighter. If no crystals form after standing the crystallization can be initiated by addition of concentrated nitric acid since the crystals are somewhat less soluble in nitric acid than in water. The crystals of iron (III) nitrate filtered and dried in vacuum.

Laboratory methods of inorganic chemistry by H. Biltz, 1928

IUPAC Name

iron(3+);trinitrate

InChI

InChI=1S/Fe.3NO3/c;3*2-1(3)4/q+3;3*-1

InChI Key

VCJMYUPGQJHHFU-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Canonical SMILES

[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[N+](=O)([O-])[O-].[Fe+3]

MeSH Synonyms

ferric nitrate, ferric nitrate hexahydrate, ferric nitrate iron salt, ferric nitrate nonahydrate, ferric nitrate octacosahydrate, ferric nitrate octapentacontahydrate, ferric nitrate octatriacontahydrate, ferric nitrate pentadecahydrate, ferric nitrate undecahydrate

Depositor-Supplied Synonyms

Iron trinitrate, Iron nitrate, Nitric acid, iron(3+) salt, UNII-N8H8402XOB, Iron nitrate (Fe(NO3)3), Iron(III) nitrate, anhydrous, HSDB 451, Iron (III) nitrate, anhydrous, 10421-48-4, EINECS 233-899-5, UN1466, Nitric acid, iron(3+) salt (3:1), ferric trinitrate, iron-(III) nitrate, iron(3+) trinitrate, Iron standard solution, AC1L18R0, N8H8402XOB, Nitric acid, iron(3++) salt, 7782-61-8 (nonahydrate), CTK8G4833, VCJMYUPGQJHHFU-UHFFFAOYSA-N, AKOS015902365, Ferric nitrate [UN1466] [Oxidizer], Ferric nitrate [UN1466] [Oxidizer], AN-20418, LS-96726, S284, FT-0627307, I14-19722, 23032-72-6, 959928-40-6

Removed Synonyms

FERRIC NITRATE, Iron (III) nitrate, ferric nitrate iron salt, ferric nitrate hexahydrate, Ferric nitrate nonahydrate, ferric nitrate undecahydrate, Iron(III) nitrate solution, ferric nitrate octacosahydrate, ferric nitrate pentadecahydrate, ferric nitrate octatriacontahydrate, ferric nitrate octapentacontahydrate, CID25251, C025302

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