Synthesis of ethyl benzoate

Preparation of ethyl benzoate

Alternative Names: Benzoic acid, ethyl ester; Benzoic ether; Ethyl benzenecarboxylate; Ethylbenzoate;

Preparation of ethyl benzoate

Preparation of ethyl benzoate

50 g benzoic acid are dissolved in 100 g absolute alcohol, 10 g concentrated sulphuric acid are added, and the mixture is boiled under a reflux condenser for 4 hours. Finally, about half the alcohol is distilled off on the waterbath, and the residue is diluted with 300 ml water, and neutralized with solid, powdered sodium carbonate, in order to remove all sulfuric acid and unchanged benzoic acid. The oil which has been separated is taken up with ether, the ethereal solution evaporated, and the residue dried over pure potassium carbonate and fractionated. The potassium carbonate should be prepared by heating pure potassium bicarbonate, and must be heated before use to render it quite anhydrous. Boiling point of the ethyl benzoate, 212° C. Yield, 55 g.

Introduction to the preparation of organic compounds, E. Fisher, 16, 1909


ethyl benzoate



InChI Key


Canonical SMILES


Depositor-Supplied Synonyms

ETHYL BENZOATE, Benzoic acid, ethyl ester, 93-89-0, Benzoic ether, Ethyl benzenecarboxylate, ethylbenzoate, Benzoic Acid Ethyl Ester, Benzoyl ethyl ether, Ethyl benzoate (natural), Ethylester kyseliny benzoove, UNII-J115BRJ15H, FEMA No. 2422, CHEMBL510714, MTZQAGJQAFMTAQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N, NSC 8884, EINECS 202-284-3, Ethylester kyseliny benzoove [Czech], AI3-01352, ACMC-209rny, WLN: 2OVR, AC1L1O5M, AC1Q64KF, DSSTox_CID_18696, DSSTox_RID_79386, DSSTox_GSID_38696, SCHEMBL55674, E12907_ALDRICH, KSC486S1D, W242209_ALDRICH, W242217_ALDRICH, AC1Q348C, J115BRJ15H, CTK3I6911, NSC8884, MolPort-001-783-862, BB_SC-7029, Benzoic acid, C9-11-alkyl esters, NSC-8884, Tox21_302021, ANW-40124, AR-1I9641, BBL010500, BDBM50304448, Benzoic acid, C12-13-alkyl esters, Benzoic acid, C14-15-alkyl esters, SBB058595, STK025151, ZINC00404389, AKOS003596787, EBD2860833, LS-2713, MCULE-1461486723, RTR-038486, CAS-93-89-0, NCGC00255586-01, AN-24274, CJ-04028, KB-51521, OR021508, ZB013519, DB-002644, TR-038486, B0069, FT-0622709, ST50824225, 27848-EP2272817A1, 27848-EP2281810A1, 27848-EP2314587A1, 27848-EP2371831A1, I01-2294, 3B3-026902, InChI=1/C9H10O2/c1-2-11-9(10)8-6-4-3-5-7-8/h3-7H,2H2,1H, 43-89-0, 70750-02-6, 70750-03-7, 70750-04-8

Removed Synonyms

Benzoylchloride, Essence of niobe, BENZOIC ACID,ETHYL ESTER, CID7165, 99566-52-6

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