Synthesis of elemental antimony (stibium)

Preparation of elemental antimony (stibium)

Preparation of elemental antimony by reduction of antimony sulfide with iron

Preparation of antimony

Preparation of antimony

An intimate mixture of 25 g antimony trisulfide – Sb2S3 (stibnite), 11 g iron powder or filings, 2.6 g anhydrous sodium sulfate, and 0.5 g charcoal is placed in a covered crucible and heated about 20 minutes with a Meker burner so that the fusion mixture softens but does not quite melt. This is determined by momentarily stirring with an iron rod. The melt is allowed to cool and the crucible is broken. A mass of crude fused antimony weighing about 15 g is found at the bottom; this is mechanically cleaned and then washed with hot water.

Preparation of elemental antimony by reduction antimony pentoxide with potasium cyanide

Preparation of antimony by reduction antimony pentoxide with potasium cyanide

Preparation of antimony by reduction antimony pentoxide with potasium cyanide

Equal weights of antimony pentoxide (Sb2O5) and pure potassium cyanide are heated in a crucible over a Meker burner for about one-half hour. The regulus are washed with hot water for the removal of impurities.

Preparation of elemental antimony from antimony oxychloride and potassium cyanide

Preparation of tin from antimony oxychloride and potassium cyanide

Preparation of tin from antimony oxychloride and potassium cyanide

To prepare antimony oxychloride (SbOCl), 50 g of antimony trichloride (SbCl3) are stirred well with 35 ml of water and allowed to stand for 2-3 days. The white product is filtered off, washed with 50 ml of 95% alcohol and with the same volume of ether. The material is dried at 100°C. Yield, about 36 g. SbOCl is fused with twice its weight of potassium cyanide by heating heated in a crucible over a Meker burner for about one-half hour. The regulus are washed with hot water for the removal of impurities. Yield of antimony is about 85%.

Inorganic laboratory preparations , by G. G. Schlessinger, 1-5, 1962

IUPAC Name

antimony

InChI

InChI=1S/Sb

InChI Key

WATWJIUSRGPENY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Canonical SMILES

[Sb]

MeSH Synonyms

Antimony

Depositor-Supplied Synonyms

ANTIMONY, Antimony trihydride, 7440-36-0, stibanylidyne, Antimony hydride, Stibium metallicum, Antimony, metallic, Hydrogen antimonide, Antymonowodor [Polish], UNII-9IT35J3UV3, Antimonwasserstoffes [German], HSDB 785, UN2676, 7803-52-3, Antimony(III) chloride solution, Antimony atomic absorption standard solution, Antimonide, Antymonowodor, Antimoine, Antimon, Antimonio, Antymon, Antimony powder, Antimony, citric acid complexes, Antimonyl citrate, antimony(0), Antimonwasserstoffes, Antimony, ion(5+), ERMEG001_FLUKA, ACMC-1BKT5, 51Sb, UNII-0VKZ97K3UB, AC1NS5Q0, 0VKZ97K3UB, Antimony, ion (Sb(3-)), Antimony implanted in silicon, ANTIMONY,99.99%, Sb(0), 206954_ALDRICH, 266329_ALDRICH, 266604_ALDRICH, 452343_ALDRICH, 9IT35J3UV3, 00637_FLUKA, 02782_FLUKA, 03381_FLUKA, CHEBI:30304, CHEBI:30513, CTK2H7691, 206954_FLUKA, ANTIMONY, 99.999%, MolPort-035-759-057, WATWJIUSRGPENY-UHFFFAOYSA-N, Stibine [UN2676] [Poison gas], EINECS 270-130-2, Stibine [UN2676] [Poison gas], AKOS015833653, Antimony powder [UN2871] [Poison], 68411-49-4, Antimony standard concentrate 10.00 g Sb, LS-146728, RT-000101, FT-0622427, 3B4-5089, I14-19607, I14-114701, I14-114702, Antimony atomic spectroscopy standard concentrate 1.00-?g Sb, 21879-61-8, 22537-51-5, 35734-21-5, 73063-67-9

Removed Synonyms

Stibium, Antimony Black, STIBINE, Antimony, regulus, Antymon [Polish], Antimony, elemental, Regulus of antimony, Antimony(5+), Antimony and compounds, ANTIMONY (III) ION, HSDB 508, Antimony, isotope of mass 129, UNII-841L03HG64, EINECS 231-146-5, UN2871, CID5354495, CI 77050, C.I. 77050, D000965, SB, SBN, 117011-47-9

Share This

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *